Hughes & O'Neill Ancestry



I have found our Descent from the Kings of Ireland! On page 8 of the book 
"My Family Memoirs", Thomas Hughes speaks of being descended from 
Naill the Great. Ok, I took a link from my O'Neill page to this link: 
then I went to this page: The Royal O'Neill Family      
Genealogy Part 1 
                                      "Genesis to Eirin" 
And here is what I found:
The Genealogy of the Royal Family O'Neill 
Please realize the lineage from Nos.1 to 12 are based on the bible (Genesis), 
Nos. 13 to 85 are based on myth and legend. Genealogist do not accept any names 
prior to No. 86- Niall "of the Nine Hostages" circa 400 AD. This lineage is based on information 
recorded by the "Four Masters" in the "Annals of the History of Ireland" (typically referred 
to as The Annals of the Four Masters) compiled well into the 2nd millenium AD and 
so is considered by most to be unreliable. The final portion is based on Irish 
Pedigrees, among other varied sources, and family records as recorded in Burke's 
Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage (104th Ed.). 
There have been some reported discrepancies in published genealogies by Burke's 
(and others), but they are as reported by families and accepted by the Chief Herald of 
Ireland. (The following is as per Genesis - assuming no gaps in the list of Genesis 
5 and 11)
 1. Adam & Eve created by God on the 6th day of the creation of the world. 
Born in the year of the world 0. Adam died at age 930.
 2. Seth born in the 130th year of his father (year of the world 130) and died at 
912 years of age (year of the world 1042)
 3. Enos born in the 105th year of his father (year of the world 235) and died at 
905 years of age (year of the world 1140)
 4. Cainan born in the 90th year of his father (year of the world 325) and died 
at 910 years of age (year of the world 1235)
 5. Mahalaleel born in the 70th year of his father (year of the world 395) and died
at 895 years of age (year of the world 1290)
 6. Jared born in the 65th year of his father (year of the world 460) and died at 
962 years of age (year of the world 1422)
 7. Enoch born in the 162nd year of his father (year of the world 662) and died 
at the age of 365 (year of the world 987)
 8. Methuselah born in the 65th year of his father (year of the world 687) and died 
at the age of 969 (year of the world 1656)
 9. Lamech born in the 187th year of his father (year of the world 874) and died 
at the age of 777 (year of the world 1651) 
10. Noah "the Father of all Humanity" (of "the Great Flood" fame) born in the 
182nd year of his father and died at the age of 950 (year of the world 2006). 
Noah was said to be a sailor (before the building and sailing of the Ark) and is 
credited with having invented "ale". He was 600 years old at the time of the "Great 
Flood" (which would have been in the year of the world 1656). 
11. Japhet is said to have been 100 years of age at the time of the "Great 
Flood", or born in the 500th year of his father (year of the world 1556)  Gomer 
12. Magog          Madai              Javan                  Thubal          Mosoch                            Tiras 
12. Magog (The following is as per myth and legend) 
13. Baoth 
14. Phenius Pharsa (also written as Phoenuisa Farsaidh) "the Antiquary", King 
of Sythia circa 1800 BC. Married to Scota of Egypt, daughter of Cinqueris, Pharaoh 
of Egypt. It is believed by some that the Scots take their name from her. 
15. Niul after whom some say the river Nile is named (but not very likely). It is 
said he led his people to Egypt where they were hired as mercenaries of the Pharaoh. 
16. Gaodhal Glas (aka Gael) the namesake of the Gaels or Gaelic race. As a child 
he was said to have been cured of a deadly serpent bite by Moses (of biblical fame). 
The "Ilse of Destiny" was revealed to the family as seen in a vision by Moses. This 
would place this generation in Egypt at the time of the Exodus of the Jews/Israelites. 
17. Asruth believed to have migrated to Crete. 
18. Herber Scot (also written Eimhir Scot) 
19. Beman (also written Beouman) 
20. Ogaman 21. Tait 22. Agnon 23. Lamhflonn which is a very interesting name if 
it has been transcribed properly, especially if taken in the context of the 
legend of the Red Hand of the O'Neills. Lamh = hand, and Flonn = blood red. Lamhflonn 
would not have been in Ireland, but if the name is correct the story could have 
been about him. It is very likely the name was transcribed incorrectly...it 
is more probable that the "l" in flonn should be an "i" which would make it Lamhfionn 
which means "fair handed". Note: according to "The Annals of the Four Master" the 
name should be Lamhfionn 
24. Heger (or Eimhir) Gunflonn (possibly another transcription error ? ) 
Note: according to "The Annals of the Four Master" the name should be Eimhir Gunfionn 
25. Agnan Fion (or Fionn) 26. Febric Glas 27. Nenal (also written Nenuall) 
28. Nuadhat (also written as Nuadhad) 29. Alladh (also written as Allodh) 
30. Dea (or Deag) who led a colony from Scythia to Galacia in Spain 31. Brath 
32. Breogan (Brian) 
33. Gallamh (aka Mils or Milesius - latin influence) King of Spain (or regions 
of what was to be called Spain). His people were known as the Milesians. His wife was 
Scota Tephi, a daughter of Nectaebus, Pharoh of Eqypt and a sister of King Solomon's 
Queen. The similar name "Scota" (wife of No. 14) has created 
some confusion in which "Scota" the Scots take their name from. The Annals of the 
Four Masters suggest the time period to be circa 1700BC but historians date 
it at 350-450 BC. Other sources suggest the time period was 1200 BC. Mils had 8 sons: 
Donn who succeeded his father as King of Spain (or regions of what was to be known as Spain) 
Arec Amergin "White Knee" (the druid) 
Herber Fionn who became King of Southern Ireland and whose 4 sons became the 6th,7th, 
8th and 9th Kings of Ireland 
Colpu Ir (after whom it is said Ireland is named: "land of Ir") who died while boat 
racing with his cousin when first arriving to Ireland 
Erannan  34. Eermon (or Hermon), 1st (Milesian) King of Ireland (circa 1698 BC per the "Four Masters"): 
34. Eermon (Hermon) "of the Horses" - He, his brothers and followers arrived in 
Inis Elga (Ireland) aboard 35 ships in the year of the world 3500 or 1699 BC 
(per the "Four Masters"). Upon conquering Ireland from the Tuatha de Danann, 
Eermon was proclaimed King of Northern Ireland. After the ensuing battle with his 
brother (King of the south) over possession of the Hills of Tara, Eermon became 
the 1st (Milesian) King of Ireland..."the Land of Destiny" as foretold by Moses. 
Hermon had 4 sons: 
Muimhne the 3rd King of Ireland 
Luighine 4th King of Ireland 
Laighean 5th King of Ireland 
35. Irial Fiadh 10th King of Ireland 35. Irial Faidh (also written Irial Fiah) 10th King 
of Ireland after defeating his cousins. 
36. Ethrial (also written Eithraial) 11th King of Ireland, killed by his cousin 
37. Follac (or Foll-Aicch) Prince of Ireland 
38. Tigernmas 13th King of Ireland 
39. Eiobiothad (or Enbotha) Prince of Ireland 
40. Smiorgall Prince of Ireland 
41. Flacha Labhrain 18th King of Ireland 
42. Aeneas Olmaead 20th King of Ireland 
43. Maen (or Main) Prince of Ireland 
44. Roitheaehtaigh (or Rothactach) 22nd King of Ireland 
45. Deman (or Dian) Prince of Ireland 
46. Sirna (or Siorna) Saoghaileach ("the Long Lived") 34th King of Ireland 
47. Olioll Olchain Prince of Ireland 
48. Gialchadh or Gillachaidh 37th King of Ireland 
49. Nuahhas Fionnfail 39th King of Ireland 
50. Aedham Glas Prince of Ireland 
51. Simon Breach 44th King of Ireland ( 909-903 BC) 
52. Murchad Bolgrach 46th King of Ireland Duach Teamharch Prince of Ireland Eochaidh 
Framhuine 51st King of Ireland Conang Beag-Eaghach 53rd King of Ireland 
53. Fiacha Tolgrach 
53. Fiacha Tolgrach 55th King of Ireland 
54. Duach Ladrach 59th King of Ireland 
55. Eochy Buadach 
56. Ugaine Mor (or Ugaine Magnus) "the Great" responsible for creating the 25 divisions 
of Ireland for his children of which only two were sons. Laeghaire Lore 68th King 
of Ireland 
57. Cobthach Caol Breagh 
57. Cobthach Caol Breagh 69th King of Ireland (591-541 BC) 
58. Melghe Molbthach 71st King of Ireland 
59. Irereo (also written Iaran Gleofathach) 74th King of Ireland 
60. Conly Caem 76th King of Ireland 
61. Olioll Cas-Fiaclach ("of the Crooked Teeth") 79th King of Ireland 
62. Aengus Tuirmeach-Teamhrach 81st King of Ireland (384-324BC) Fiacha Firmara ancestor 
of the Kings of Dalriada and Argyle in Scotland 
63. Enna Aighneach 
63.Enna Aighneach ("the Hospitable") 84th King of Ireland (312-292 BC) 
64. Lavra "the Fierce" 
65. Beotach 
66. Blatact 
67. Esamon also written Assaman Eamhna ("of Emania") 
68. Roignen Ruadh ("the Red") 
69. Fionnlogh or Finn "of Emania" 
70. Fionn Eochaid Aireamh 94th King of Ireland 
71. Eochaidh Feidhlioch 
71. Eochaidh Feidhlioch 93rd King of Ireland (142-130BC). Established the 5 
provinces of Ireland in place of the 25 divisions 
72. Bres Nar Lothar 
73. Lughaid-Sriabh-n Dearg (also known as Lewy "of the Red Circles") 98th King of 
Ireland (34 - 8 BC) Killed himself by falling on his sword. 
74. Criffan Crimthann Niadh Nor 100th King of Ireland (7 - 9 AD) married Naira daughter 
of Loich the son of Dareletuis of Northern Picts 
75. Feredac (or Fearadac Fionn-Fearchtach) 102nd King of Ireland (14 -36 AD) 
76. Fiachc II (or Fiacha Fionn Ola) 104th King of Ireland (39 -56 AD) 
77. Tuathal Teachtmar 106th King of Ireland (when he came of age). He was raised by 
his mother and grandfather in Alba (Scotland). He restored the true royal blood and 
heirs to their kingdoms and created the kingdom of Midhe (or Meath) = the middle kingdom. 
78. Felim Rachtmar ("the Law Giver") 108th King of Ireland (110 -119 AD) Eochaidh Fionn 
Fohart Meann Aongas Cormac Caibre Niadh Art Corb Conla Den Bresal Demri Dubtach 
St. Brigid of Kildare Fiacha Suidhe 
79. Conn Cead Cathach: 79. Conn Cead Cathach ("of the Hundred Battles" or "the Hundred 
Fighter") 110th King of Ireland (123 - 157 AD) Conla Ruadh ("the Red") killed by his 
uncles Crionna killed by his uncles 
80. Airt Eanfhear: 80. Airt Eanfhear (Art "the Lonely" or "the Solitary") 112th King 
of Ireland (165 - 195 AD) so named because he mourned the death of his brothers. From 
Airt are descended the kings of Scotland from Fergus Mor MacEarcu (5th century) 
to the Stuarts. 
81. Cormac MacAirt (also called Cormac MacNessa and Cormac Ulfada - "Longbeard" and 
"the Magnificent") 115th King of Ireland said to be the wisest and most learned of the 
descendants of Eermon. Cormac was considered a god king by some and recorded to be a 
christian by others. He died choking on a salmon bone. 
82. Carby Lifeachain ("the Liffey") 117th King of Ireland (267 - 284 AD) named "the Liffey" 
because he was nursed on the banks of the river Liffey (which was named after 
Eermon's horse). He was killed in the battle of Gabhra. Eochaidh Dubhlinn ("the Dublin") 
named "the Dublin" because he was nursed in Dublin. Married Aechia the daughter of 
Updar, King of Alba and had three sons called "the Three Collas" Colla Da Chriod (also 
called Muireadach) Colla Uasal ("the Nobel" also called Carioll) 121st King of Ireland 
(322 - 326 AD) and was forced into exile to Alba. Some say he took the name Scot to 
Alba and hence it became known as Scotland Colla Meadhan ("the Famous") Eocho Rochadh 
Deach Dorn Labhradh ancestor of the Laury Clan Brian ancestor of the O'Briens of Arcaill 
Fiach (also called Feig) 
83. Fiacha Scrubhtaine King of Connaught: 83. Fiacha Scrubhtaine or Fiacha III 120th King of Ireland 
84. Muireadeach Tireach or Muredach II 122nd King of Ireland. Defeated King Colla and 
banished him from Ireland. 
85. Eochu Mugmemdon or Muigh Meadhoin ("Slaves Lord") King of Tara living 360 AD, earned 
his nickname by slave raids on Roman Britain. In one raid he carried off and married 
(2nd wife) the Princess Cartha Cais Dubh or Carinna (mother of No. 86), who was despised 
by his 1st wife, Mong Fionn, who bore him his first three and last (5th) sons. Brian 
ancestor of the O'Connors of Connaught Fiachra Oillioll Daithi 127th King of Ireland 
(405 - 426 AD) Oilioll Molt 129th King of Ireland (459 - 479 AD) 
86. Niall Noigiallach Fergus: 86. Niall Noigiallach ("of the Nine Hostages") aka Niall Mor 
("the Great") 127th King of Ireland 380-405AD, in whose time the Royal House of Tara 
asserted a nominal suzerainty over the whole island. Niall succeeded his father 
over his 3 older brothers (of his 1st wife). Niall was killed by Eocha, Prince of 
Leinster while in Gaul (France) in a ford of the river Leon (now called Lianne) that 
spot is now called the Ford of Niall near Boulogue-sur-mer. Niall was the first to 
refer to Alba (Scotland) as "Scotia Minor" and Inis Ealga (Ireland) as "Scotia 
Major". It is said Niall is responsible for having captured the young boy, later to be 
St. Patrick, along with his 2 sisters during a raid along the coast of Britain. Niall 
had no children with his first wife and 12 sons with his second. 

Now on this page I found the names of our ancestors mentioned in the copies of the 
book in question: The Tir Eogan / Eoghan / Eoghain (Tyrone) O'Neills
118. Eoghan, [Owen?] King of Ulster 1432 - 1455 AD. 
Crowned on the flagstone of the kings at Tulach Og (Tullahogue). He was opposed by 
Brian, grandson of Henry "the Confused". Eoghan 
captured Brian and two of his sons and mutilated all three by cutting off one hand 
and one foot from each (1435). Eoghan resigned the throne to his son in 1455 and died 
in 1456. He married Catairona (Catherine), daughter of Ardgal MacMahon, King of Oriel 
(1402 - 1416).  
119a. Henry 
119b. Aedh (to the lineage of The O'Neill of the Fews and present contender for 
the title The O'Neill Mor) 
119a. Henry, King of Ulster 1455 - 1483 AD. The Archbishop of Armagh took part in his 
coronation. Henry sent help to the Duke of York in the War of the Roses (1460). He was 
presented with 48 yards (44m) of scarlet cloth and a collar of gold by King Edward IV 
(1463). He extended his suzerainty over the west as well as the north, being accepted by 
O'Brien of Thomond (1463), and overcame a coalition of the Clannaboy and other rival 
O'Neills against him (1471). Henry resigned his throne to his son in 1483 and died in 
1489. He married Gormfhlaith, daughter of Domnall McMurrough Kavanagh, styled King 
of Leinster. 
120. Conn Mor ("the Big"), Henry, King of Ulster 1493 - 1498 Domnall, King of Ulster 
1498 - 1509 
120. Conn Mor ("the Big"), King of Ulster 1483 - 1493 AD. 
Founded the Fransican Friary near Dungannon (1489). He was slain by a party led by his 
younger brother Henry. Conn had married twice, his second wife being Lady Eleanor 
FitzGerald, daughter of Thomas, 7th Earl of Kildare, Lord Deputy of Ireland.
Now to the book: Still page 8: 
Quote: The name and origin of the house of O'Neil are traced by Irish annalists to the 
Prince professor of Learning Nail, son of Phenius Pharsa, King of Scythia, whos posterity 
arringin in Spain, Milesius, twenty-first in descent from Nail, became king of the 
northern Provinces, and his widow, Queen Scota , and sons, about 1200 B.C., led a colony of 
Milesians to Ireland, where Hermon, the youngest, became first monarch. 
Niall the Great, one of the nine Hostages, fifty-third 
in descent from Hermon, was monarch of Ireland A.D. 388. Naill IV, surnamed Glundubh, 
"black knee," was killed in battle by the Danes of Dublin A.D. 954. Daniel Ardamoch 
O'Neil, forty-sixth monarch of Hyniall race, grandson of Niall Glundubh, died 1004. 
Hugh Duff O'Neill, "senior of the race," King of Ulster, sixth in descent from King 
Daniel, died 1230; his brother, Prince Niall Roe, was ancestor of O'Neill of Tyrone. 
Thomas Hughes and Bridget O'Neill were descended from Felime Caech, otherwise Phelime 
Hugh, son of Con Bacco or Baccagh O'Neill, first Earl of Tir Owen or Tyrone, 
created such in 1542 at Greenwich, upon throwing off the authority of the Pope, 
disclaiming the name of O'Neill and title of Prince, and surrendering his 
possessions to the king. This Con Bacco was the son of Con, son 
of Henry, son of Owen. Con Bacco 
had a natural son, Matthew or Ferdorcha, father of Hugh O'Neill, last Earl of 
Tyrone, created Earl of Dungonnon, whose descendants are now numerous in Tyrone 
under the name of Mac Baron. By his wife Con Bacco had: first, Shane or John; 
second, Felime Caech, above mentioned.
Hughes Link Page


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