Rowland Hughes Family
Subject: Hughes of western PA
Date: Mon, 1 Feb 1999 12:42:44 EST
It's Ruth. I have the day off today because I worked Saturday, so I actually
have a little quiet to think!! Thank you for the link up with the Elizabeth
Ann Hughes site. Also I am going to start typing my Hughes article today,
but it is 20 pages so it will be quite a project for me. It would be much
faster if I could send it to you snail mail, but I understand that if I
want it added to your site I need to be the one to type it and down load it.
But I would like you to get the information sooner or later. Now for my
questions. The information I have about your Thomas Hughes (son of Felix and
Cynthia) is a little different than the information that you show for HUGHES
House. According to THE HORN PAPERS, "The center of the slave trade in Greene
County in the early days was at Thomas Hughes' home at "The Pines," now
Jefferson. It was at this home that all the public slave saleswere held.
>From 1774 to 1780 Thomas Hughes offered slaves at public sale once each month...
p. 425" I thought it might be possible that Thomas Hughes's son, Thomas Jr.
might have opposed slavery, and used the family home in the next generation as an
underground railroad and freed the slaves, but it seems impossible that
Thomas the elder was the one who actually freed the slaves prior to the Civil
War. And in fact it appears that after 1821 there were no slaves left to free!
But even more confusing, the Elizabeth Ann Hughes line (Roland, William, James,
and THOMAS) also seems to claim a Thomas Hughes of the same area whose home was the
center for the underground railroad. As far as I can tell these two Hughes lines
aren't related, and I'm wondering if two different Thomas Hughes have gotten confused.
Here is more from the Horn papers on your Thomas Hughes:
"About 1792 the slave trade increased in Washington County and was good business
for about three years. It grew less and less, however, and by 1803 only thirty
slaves remained in Green County.Co. John Heaton held ten slaves at this mill
seat at Jefferson in 1792, while his neighbor, Tom Hughes, had twent one. Both
of these homesteaders had still houses in 1794, and both denied that the Federal
Government had any right to place a tax on whisky without their consent. This was
the only thing that they ever did have in common. The slaves of both men became
drunk on many occasions and would fight their masters' battles. This became too
common to suit some of the near-by settlers, and the people then living at Carmichaels
threatened to burn both stillhouses unless they stopped selling whisky to the
Indians and stopped the slaves from fighting with slaves at Carmichaels who
were peaceful and obedient. It was in 1794 that Col. Heaton built the frame
storehouse beside the distillery, where all whisky was locked up, and his slaves
were denied the intoxicant. The Thomas Hughes distillery was discontinued in 1823.
His slave trade had closed in 1809, but he held slaves until 1821. In 1814, he began
to make preparations to build a new stone house, and his slaves quarried the stone
and built the home. Col. Joseph Parkinson, inn keeper at Hamilton (now Jefferson),
stated that "they did all the work while Tom did all the cussin'. "The
stone house erected at Jefferson in 1814 was still standing in 1937 as
a maker of the slave days in Green County. The old stone barn built by Thomas
Hughes in 1767 stood close by and was the place where all slaves were displayed
when put up at a public auction. This barn, on the Mrs. R. Stephens place,
was a playground for some of the Jefferson boys in the latter seventies and after.
The date, Sept. 1, 1767, was cut in a window sill in the barn. This barn was
torn down sometime after 1882, when the author saw it for the last time. In 1818,
the Hughes coal bank was opened on the low ground near the run below the old
Methodist Church...and his slaves dug several thousand bushels of coal from this
bank. Col. Heaton had his slaves open another section of this vein...The graves
of the slaves of both of these famiies were commonly known to the public in 1880,
and a portion of the graves of the Heaton slaves were protected by stone markers
at that time...The slave trade and slavery ceased to exist in the territory
north of the Mason and Dixon Line and west of the Monongahela about 1825. One
man who was a farmer and a minister of the Gospel, Robert Hawkins, preached
against slavery day and night. He lived to see the institution of slavery
wiped from the American territory. Those early settlers who believed in slavery
and those who later opposed the tax on whiskey were honest, brave, conscientious
people, who believed that they were in the right and fought to maintain their
principles, only changing their views when time had brought conditions that
inspired them to accept the new laws and customs of a more progressive age P.32.
"This book as a lot more to say about Thomas Hughes of Carmichaels which
shows him as a tremendously important figure in the early settlment of the
area, involved in road building, etc. It also says that your Thomas Hughes was
in attendance at the First Continental Congress at Philadelphia in 1774 (p. 272).
So Helen, let me know if you think there is some confusion about the Thomas who
ran the underground railroad -- which Thomas was he??? And do you think that
your Thomas Hughes and the Thomas Hughes mention in Elizabeth Ann Hughes' line
Thanks, and I hope we'll talk soon.
Ruth Hughes Gartell (Beartoot@aol.com)
Thank you, Ruth!
Rowland Hughes (1756-1809)
Maryland, Pennsylvania and
Woodford and Logan Counties Kentucky
Author Part I
Margaret Hardwick Miller was born 21-Feb.1910 in Tyler, Texas, to Adolphus
and Agnes (Hughes) Hardwick. The family moved to Corsicana, Texas, where Mrs.
Miller has been a life-long resident. She graduated from Corsicana High
School, the University of Texas at Austin, and did post-graduate work at the
University of Mexico. On 29-Jun.1935, she married Dr. Will Miller, a native
Corsicanan, and to them were born a son and a daughter.
A teacher in the Corsicana Public Schools, after marriage Mrs. Miller continued
her work in Education as President of the Corsicana School Board, President
of the Texas Ass'n of School Boards, which gave her its Distinguished
Service Award and as a Member of the Executive Committee of the National Ass'n
of School Boards, which named her an Honorary Life Member. Mrs. Miller
was elected from the 6th Congressional District to two terms on the Texas State
Board of Education. She served as Vice President of the National Ass'n State
Boards of Education, which also named her to life membership. She has been
presented the DAR Award of Merit, the Gulick Award of Camp Fire Girls Inc.,
and State and National Life Memberships in PTA. She is an Honorary State
Member of Delta Kappa Gamma, a Past President of the Navarro County Medical
Auxiliary, and Secretary of the Library Board. She is an Elder in the Westminster
Presbyterian Church of Corsicana.
Mrs. Miller holds membership in the following patriotic and hereditary groups,
four of which she has served as a State Officer: NSDAR, MSDAC, Colonial Dames of
America, Founders and Patriots of America, Pilgrim Society, Huguenot Society
of Manikintown, VA., Magna Charta Dames, Americans of Royal Descent, and Order
of the Crown. She is a Certified Genealogist.
Mer biography is included in Texas' Women of Distinction, Who's Who of American
Women, Who's Who in the South and Southwest, Who's Who, Women of the World, and the
International Dictionary of Biography.
William Hughes Of Wales and Baltimore and Harford Counties, Maryland.
While facts are few about William Highes, who came to Maryland from Wales
circa 1731, statements of descendants have a remarkable pattern of similarity,
whether said descendants live in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Missouri,
Massacusetts, or Texas. Sumned up, those statements say the following:
William Hughes, born about 1706 in Camarthen, Wales,left his native land about
1731 for a new home in Lord Baltimore's Colony of Maryland, which promised relief
from religious persecutions. The Hughes' were members of the Baptist Sect, and
harrassed for their beliefs. William brought his wife and son (born the year of
the removal to America) from Wales to Baltimore (City), where they lived for a time
before purchasing land in Baltimore County, in that part which would, later, be set
off as Harford County, Md. Twosons and two daughters were born to William and
wife in America. The eldest son has been named as John Hughes, born in Wales.
In 1733, William Hughes purchased land in Baltimore County, Maryland, a part of
TRIPLE UNION, on the "Draughts of Rock Run" (A Creek running into the Susquehanna
River) from Thomas White, who had it as a Grant from Lord Baltimore, the
Proprietor, about 1731 (Maryland Land Records, Volume IS#L, page 383) In 1737, William
bought an additional 50 acres of Triple Union on Rock Run Creek from Thomas White for
4000 pounds of tobacco. (Maryland Land Records, Volume IS#IK, pages 487-490)
In the ten years following William's settlement, he and wife, Amey, had sons,
William and Rowland, and two daughters, who married Lies Coyns and David Knight. There
may have been others, who did not survive, but these, together with John, are mentioned
in William's Will. William made his Will in Baltimore County, Md. on 14-Feb.1765,
which was probated in Harford County, Md. 25-Mar.1776, Harford County having been
made from Baltimore in 1773 (Maryland Wills, Volume 40, pages 679-680.)
Provisions of William Hughes' Will
To wife, Amey: Use of All shattels, land etc. during her lifetime. At her death, all to be sold.
To son, William Hughes: Ten pounds from sale.
To son, John Hughes: one English shilling. (Already has been given land for a minimum charge).
To children of Liews Coyns and David Knight: also children of son, Rowland Hughes: Rest of
sale profits, equally divided.
On 5-Apr.1774, William revoked the provision to Rowland's children, and made it to
Rowland, himself. We believe this made it possible for Rowland to follow his brother,
John, to western Pennsylvania.
In the first census of Susquehanna Hundred, Harford County, Maryland, taken in 1776,
Amey (spelled Amea) is listed as a widow, age 60. (Born 1716). Also listed are John and
Nathaniel Hughes, ages 26 and 24 respectively, possibly sons of William Hughes Jr. Through
his application for a Revolutionary War Pension, this John Hughes states that he was
a resident of Harford County, Maryland, during the War, but makes application from
Orange county, North Carolina, where he lived at the time of his application for the
A survey was made of the Hughes records at the Maryland Historical Socitey in
Baltimore, and at the Hall of Records at Annapolis. However, additional research is
indicated in the Court House in Harford County, if the various sons of William Hughes Sr.
are to be correctly identified with their wives and children. John Hughes of Baltimore
County, MD. and Washington County, Penn.
John Hughes, son of William and Amey (__) Hughes is reputed to have been born circa 1731,
in Wales, being brought to Baltimore, Maryland, by his parents the year of his birth. He
grew to manhood in that part of Baltimore County, which in 1772 was set off as Harford
County. He married there, Jemima ___ (Last name not know) circa 1751.
Abt 1757, John's father, William Hughes, conveyed to him the 50 acres of Triple
Union on Rock Run Creek (bought from Thomas White in 1737) for 3700 pounds of tobacco,
and "other good causes." (Maryland Land records, Vol B#G, pages 268-270) John and Jemima
(__) Hughes, in 1763 decided to leave Maryland for southwestern Pennsylvania, at that
point in time, claimed and organized governmentally by both Virginia and Pennsylvania.
They were accompanied by Thomas and Margery (__) Miller. (Margery thought to be a
sister of Jemima Hughes.)
On 29-Apr.1763, John Hughes and Thomas Miller, both of Baltimore County, Md. sold
Reuben Perkins of the same county for 637 pounds, the following tracts of land: (Maryland
Land Records, Vol. AL#G, page 262)Parts of Miller's Gain, originally called Boothy
Parts of TRIPLE UNION
Part of Betty's LotPart of Harmon's Addition
All were on or near Rock Run Creek "adjacent ot the land of Thomas Miller is to
convey to Kent Mitchel. "Margery, wife of Miller, and Jemima, wife of Hughes relinquished
their dower rights.
This is the last mention of both Hughes and Miller on the records of Baltimore
County, Maryland, and, we believe, marks the apporximate date of their departure for
Pennsylvania. Due to unsettled conditions there, they, like others, spent a time in
western Maryland, before finally going into Pennsylvania. They were part of an early
group, coming into the "Ten Mile County" (that area drained by Ten Mils Creek, a
tributary of the Monongahela River) about 1768/69. There were two families of Hughes'
which has given rise to some confusion among descendants: With others, they settled on
or near Muddy Creek, a branch of Ten Mile. This would be in present day Greene
County, Penn., but then organized as both Monongalia County, Va. and Washington County, Penn.
The double governments of this area continued to plague the settlers and in 1780, a
petition was circulated throughout the settlements, favoring the creation of a new state
to be known as Westsylvania. It was a popular idea, and many of the settlers signed the
petition. The valueable thing to later generations was that these settlers who signed
together were usually those who lived together, or nearby. John Hughes and sons, Rowland and
Nathaniel, signed together, Joseph Hughes signed with his wife's relatives, and William Hughes,
age 20 and single, signed alone. The boundary being finally settled (Mason-Dixon Line),
there was no need for the new state, but the petition has been preserved. (Papers of the
Continental Congress, No. 48, pages 251-256).
This is the last reference to John Hughes that we can be sure is ours, for after the
Revolution, another John Hughes came into Washington County, and engaged in Land speculation
on a large scale. He was from New Jersey, and our John, now near age 60, was no longer
active. The records of both Washington and Greene Counties were studied (Greene made from
Washington in 1796) but no Will or Property Settlement was located for our John Hughes. It
is even possible that he left Pennsylvania for Kentucky, for two of his sons went down the Ohio,
in 1783, and another followed in 1789. All three are on the 1790 Tax List of Fayette County,
Ky. There is also a John Hughes, Sr. listed there, who could have been their father, but
since the early Fayette County records burned, there is no way to make a judgement. But,
whether in Pennsylvania or Kentucky, it is likely that both John and Jemima were deceased by
1800. The two oldest sons perpetuated their mother's name, Jemima, and all four named
sons, John and William.
ISSUE OF JOHN AND JEMIMA (__) HUGHES (as far as known)
Joseph Hughes, born 20-Sep.1752, in Baltimore County, Maryland.
Nathaniel Hughes, born 1754Rowland Hughes, born 14-Nov.1756
William Hughes, born 23-Sep.1760 in Baltimore County, MD.
THE FELIX HUGHES FAMILY
Felix Hughes, son of Thomas and Bridget (O'Neill) Hughes was born in County Donegal,
Ireland, circa 1723, and died in Greene County, Penn, in 1805. He married Cynthia
Kaighn circa 1748 in Loudon County, Va. The family left Virginia about 1768, coming
into the same area of Penn. At the same time as the John Hughes Family. They both settled
on Muddy Creek in what is present day Greene County. Felix and Cynthia (Kaighn) Hughes
had a son, Thomas (married Elizabeth Swan), a son James, a son, John, who was killed by
the Indians, a son, Barnet, and daughters Elizabeth and Martha. They were not related
to the family of John Hughes.
THE SWAN FAMILY
John Swan (I) married circa 1720 in Anne Arundel Co., Md., a widow, Mrs. Elizabeth (Greene)
Foster, whose first husband was John Foster. By him, she had John, Richard,
Thomas and Hugh Foster. She married 2) John Swan and had John (II) and Comfort Swan.
John Swan (I) bought a tract of land in Anne Arundel Co. in 1722, known as Evans' Range.
John Swan (II) was born 1721 in Anne Arundel Co. and married there circa 1743/44 Elizabeth,
daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (Evans) Lucas. They removed to western Maryland between
1744 and 1751, thence to southwestern Penn. By 1768/69. His will was made in Greene Co.,
Penn. 3-Nov.1800, and probated there 6-Jan.1801. (Estate No. 36, Will Bk. 1, pages 23-24).
His children were:
Elizabeth (who married Major Thomas, son of Felix Hughes),
Sarah Greene (who married Joseph, son of John and Jemima Hughes),
Martha (who married William, son of John and Jemima Hughes) and
In the History of Washington County, Penn., by Crumrine, page 712, there is the
following note on a Rowland Hughes, who, so far, has not been identified. He is NOT
the son of John Hughes, but possibly could be his brother, for John of Baltimore County,
Md. HAD a brother, Rowland. He also MIGHT belong to the Hughes of Washington County,
Maryland., who also had a Rowland."Rowland Hughes came from east of the mountains, selected
atract of land, and died before the warrant for it was obtained. His son, Robert, took out
the warrant in trust for the children of Rowland. The warrant was surveyed for Robert
Hughes on 13-Nov.1786, under the name, "Good Hopewell." APart was sold to Nathaniel
Deverall, and later, a part to Robert Montgomery. The Church at Chartiers Crossroads is
located on this tract. On 31-May.1796. Robert was joined by His siter, Elizabeth, and
brother, Samuel, in conveying 120 acres to Morton and Thomas Adams."
ISSUE OF JOHN AND JEMIMA (__) HUGHES OF MARYLAND AND PENNSYLVANIA (as far as identified)
A. Joseph Hughes in his application for a pension on his services during the
Revolutionary War stated that he was born 20-Sep.1752 in Baltimore County, Maryland.
He moved with his family to western Maryland, thence to southwestern Pennsylvania.
In 1768/69, the family was living near Red Stone Fort, located where Ten Mile Creek
entered the Monongahela River, and Joseph relates how on 10-Jun.1774, he went over to
the Fort, and joined the Militia as a Frontier Ranger. The following year, while
on duty at Ft. Pitt, located at the south of the Monongahela River, he married Sarah,
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Lucas) Swan. Joseph's military service took him to
Harrod's Station in Kentucky. He was joined for this tour of duty by his brother,
Rowland Hughes. Joseph also served with General George Rogers Clark on an expedition
against the Shawnees.
In 1783, Joseph and his family joined a number os his Swan relatives, who were going
down the Ohio River to Kentucky, to the general vicinity where Joseph had served in
1780. Joseph's brother, William, decided to marry Martha Swan, sister to Joseph's
wife, Sarah, and join the group going to Kentucky. It was on this trip that the
Swan girls' brother, John Swan, was killed by an Indian arrow from the river band.
His family continued on with the rest of the group, and his wife claimed his Kentucky
lands. Rowland Hughes followed his brothers in 1789, and all three show on the 1790
Census (Tax List) of Fayette County, Ky. In 1798, Jessamine County was erected from
Fayette, and Joseph and William Hughes show on the 1800 census (Tax List) for that
county. Rowland's land was cut off into Woodford County, and in 1800 he shows as a
taxpayer in that county.
The 1810 census of Jessamine County shows Joseph with a wife and four sons still in the
family home, eight of their children having married by that date. Joseph's brother,
William, is either living with or adjoining him. The two will remain close for the
remainder of their lives, making the move together in 1816/17 to Howard County, Mo.
where both lived out their lives, and are buried.
On the Court House lawn in Fayette, county seat of Howard County, Mo. there is
a Marker listing the Revolutionary Soldiers of the County, among which are Joseph Hughes
and his brother, William. Joseph died at New Franklin, Mo. and is buried at Mt.
Pleasant Cemetery, near Fayette, Mo. the cemetery stones do not agree with the Court
Records as to the dates for Joseph and wife Sarah's death. Members of the NSDAR
on the service of Joseph Hughes have also submitted confliction information.
Records in the Court House at Fayette, show Joseph Hughes making his Will 7-Oct.1829,
and its being recorded 14-Mar.1836. Sarah made her Will 20-Oct.1836, which was
recorded 2-Jan.1837. The cemetery stones show Joseph's death as 7-feb.1837 and Sarah's as 9-Feb.1838.
Information on the issue of Joseph and Sarah also conflicts in spots, and while all
available souorces were studied, it cannot be stated that the following list is
1. Elizabeth Hughes-born 15-Mar.1776 in Penn./VA. Deceased before 1837.
Married ? Lillard. One source gave this as a second marriage, saying Her first was
to a Leland Asbury.
2. John Swan Hughes-born 26-Nov.1777 in Penn./Va. Died 7-Jan.1865 in Mo. Married
Elizabeth Berry in Woodford County, Ky. 7-Jul.1801 To Mo. circa 1816. Had issue Allen,
John Newton, Berry, Willis, James And Joseph.
3. Thomas Hughes-born 10-Dec.1779 in Penn./Va. Living, married, in Jessamine Co., Ky.,
in 1810. Married Nancy Veach in Jessamine on 8-Apr.1801. Family to Mo.
4. Samuel M. Hughes-born 28-Aug.1782 in Penn./Va. Died 20-Nov.1843 in Howard Co.
Mo. Married Nancy, daughter of Col. Wm. Prince in Jessamine Co., Ky. Before 1810.
5. Merritt Hughes-born 1785 in Fayette Co., Ky. Married Mary (Polly) Craig before 1810
in Jessamine County. He died Jessamine in 1827. (Will Bk. D, page 38).
6. Richard Hughes-born 1787 in Ky. To Mo. with parents.
7. Joseph Hughes-born circa 1789 in Ky. Married Susan Singleton (b 1793) in 1810
in Jessamine Co. after the taking of the census. To Mo.
8. Sarah (Sallie) Hughes-born circa 1790 in Fayette Co. Ky. Married James Neal in
Jessamine Co. Ky.
9. Jemima Hughes-born circa 1791 in Fayette Co., Ky. Married William Scott in
Jessamine Co. Ky.
10. Charles Hughes-born 21-Sep.1793 in Fayette Co., Ky. Died 20-Feb.1857 in Howard Co.
Mo. Marrried Elizabeth ? born 11-Apr.1796, died 13-Nov.1872. This couple is buried
on the lot with his parents.
11. William Hughes-born circa 1794 in Fayette Co., Ky. Married Mary (Polly) Neal in Jessamine Co. Ky. To Mo.
12. James Hughes-born 1796 in Fayette Co. Ky. Died 1860 in Howard Co., Mo. Married
Louisiana ? who was born in Virginia in 1811. The Mo. Society DAR number on Joseph
Hughes is 318885.
Marriages indicated in Jessamine Co. taken from Ardery's Ky. Court and Other Records, pages 117-127.
Joseph's Pension No was 317228.
B. Nathaniel Hughes was born circa 1754 in Baltimore County, Md. He went with his parents,
when they removed to western Maryland, thence to the Ten Mile Country of southwestern
Pennsylvania. However, when his brothers moved on to Kentucky, he chose to remain
in Pennsylvania, where he died in Greene County in 1817. He made his Will on 9-Jun.1817,
which was probated ten days later. (Estate No. 298, Greene Co., Penn. Will Bk.
1, pages 179-180, residence, Franklun Township).
The book "The Ten Mile Country and Its Pioneers", by Lecky, treeats the family of
Nathaniel Hughes in fair depth, aided by the Greene County Court Records. Mr. Leecky
also had a photostat of a letter written by William Hughes to his brother-in-law,
Colonel Charles Swan, which inquires of "My old brother, Nate." This was in the year
1817, the same year that Nathaniel died. The letter was from Howard County, Mo. where
Joseph and William Hughes had moved from Kentucky, in the past year. Mr. Lecky names
Joseph, William, and Rowland (Rollin) as brothers of Nathaniel. He states that Rowland
Hughes settled in Indiana or Illinois. Actually, it was neither, Rowland having moved
his family from Woodford to Logan County, Ky. In 1806, were he died in 1809.
Nathaniel and Rowland seem to have been close, even as Joseph and William were.
They served together in Captain James Archer's Militia company, and warranted tracts
of land separated only by Ten Mile Creek. This was after the departure of the other
brothers for Kentucky in 1783. But, when rowland decided to move on to Kentucky, in 1789,
Nathaniel preferred to remain where he was. He married 1) Leah ? who is mentioned in the
Minutes of Goshen Baptist Church as Leah Hughes in 1787, which means that she and
Nathaniel married prior to that date; and 2) Rebecca ? after 1795, for that year,
Leah Hughes co-signed a deed with Nathaniel, her husband. It is believed that there
were children from both marriages, for, in 1817, when Nate's Will was probated,
there were still children young enough to need guardians. Since Mr. Lecky's book is
available in most all genealogical collections, Nathaniel's children will only
be named here, dividing line between wives not being know.
1. Richard Hughes 7. John Hughes
2. Joseph Hughes 8. William Hughes
3. Nathaniel Hughes 9. James Hughes
4. Sarah Hughes 10. Susanna Hughes
5. Elizabeth Hughes 11. Mary Hughes
6. Jemima Hughes 12. Nancy Hughes
C. Rowland (Roland, Rollin) Hughes was born 14-Nov.1756 in Baltimore County, Maryland.
Moved as parents moved. In 1780, he went with brother, Joseph, and other settlers of
Washington County, Penn. To join Captain William Harrod's Company, stationed near
the Falls of the Ohio (present day Louisville, Ky.) We believe he returned to Baltimore
County, Md. to take a bride, Susanna Griffee, on 8-Oct.1781, where Roland died in
1809 and Susanna in 1824, after a second marriage.More on this line follows.
D. William Hughes was born 23-Sep.1760 in Baltimore County, Maryland. Moved as parents
moved. In Pennsylvania in 1783, he married Martha, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Lucas)
Swan, and sister to his brother. Joseph's Wife, Sarah. Shortly, the newlyweds joined a
group of Swans and their kin in a move to Kentucky by the way of the Ohio River.
The birth of Martha Swas has been guestimated as 1760 to 1767 by various descendants.
William died 10-Jan.1828 in Howard County, Mo. whence he had removed with brother,
Joseph, from Jessamine County, Ky in 1816/17. He is buried at Glasgow, Mo. Martha
(Swan) Hughes died 30-Sep.1841. (Will probated 7-Oct.1841 in Howard Co.) She is
buried with her husband. William Hughes was also a Revolutionary Soldier, but did not
apply for a pension. The Mo. Society, DAR number for William is 129686, William and
Martha (Swan) Hughes had issue as follows:
1. Joseph Swan Hughes was born 28-Oct.1784 in Fayette Co. Ky. He married Cassandra Gill
Price (b. 1790, Ky.) on 14-May.1807 in Jessamine Co. Ky. Shows on 1810 census of that
county. To Mo. Where Joseph died 6-Mar.1863.
2. Elizabeth Hughes-born circa 1785 in Ky. Died in infancy.
3. John Hughes was born circa 1787 in Ky. Married Sallie Williams prior to
1810 in Jessamine Co., Ky. To Mo.
4. Rowland Hughes was born 14-Jan.1790 in Fayette Co. Ky. He died in 1855, in Howard
Co. Mo. Married Jane Shanklin in Jessamine Co. Ky.
In 1814. He married secondly in Howard Co. Mo. Mary Ann Hughes on 31-Ju.1832.
Rowland Hughes was an outstanding Baptist Layman of his era. He was honored by the
Baptists of Missouri for his many activities in behalf of the Baptist Church and its ministers.
5. William Hughes was born 28-Nov.1792 in Fayette Co. Ky. Andmarried Ann M. Morrison
on 10-Feb.1817 in Jessamine Co. Ky. ToMo. where William died 29-Jan.1837.
6. Samuel Hughes-age 10-16 in 1810 Census of Jessamine Co. Ky. To Mo. with parents.
NOTE: Some of the lists of the children of William and Martha listed in this spot a son:
Ami; but this is an error. Ami (male) was their grandchild, son of William and Ann
The 1810 census of Jessamine Co Ky. For William Hughes, Sr. shows two children married,
seven still in the family home for a total of nine children.
7. Mary Ann Hughes (under 10 in 1810). Married John Morris.
8. George Hughes was born 1801 in Ky. Married Agnes Eliza Belt in Woodford Co Ky.
6-Jan.1822.((in pen Did he go to Howard Co))
9. Louisiana Hughes-born 11-Dec.1806 in Jessamine Co. Ky. Married John Treeadwell
Cleveland on 30-Oct.1823 in Howard Co. Mo.
Miscellaneous Hughes Marriage Records Copied in Missouri, Howard County
Joseph S. Hughes married Anna Laura Hughes 2-Oct.1844
Elizabeth B. Hughes married John H, Morehead 12-Nov.1834
James Hughes married Elvira A. Smith - no date.
Joseph Hughes married Rhoda Riggs 2-Sep.1818
Allen Hughes (Boon Co Mo.) married Malvina D. Hughes 20-Dec.1825
William Hughes married Mary Williams 7-Jul.1835
Willis Hughes married Mary Jane McGuire 19-Sep.1844
It is possible that John and Jemima (__) Hughes had children other that these four
boys, but if so, they are not known to this writer.
of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Fayette, Woodford, and Logan Cos., Ky.
Rowland Hughes was born 14-Nov.1756 in Baltimore County, Maryland. He is
believed to have spent some years in the "Ten Mile" Country of southwestern
Pennsylvania before migrating to 1789 to what was then known as Fayette County, Kentucky.
Rowland married Susanna (Griffee) in Baltimore Co. Md. on 8-Oct.1781. In Washington
County, Penn. Whey were baptized into the Muddy Creek Baptist Church (an arm of Goshen
Baptist Church) on 27-Oct.1787, by the pastor, the Rev. John Corbley (Corbly). This
church was located in then Washington, now Greene County, Pennsylvania. On 14-Feb.
1789, the couple received "Letters of Dismission" from their church, and left
with their four children for the state of Kentucky.
The family arrived in Kentucky just as the decision was taken to divide the three
original Kentucky counties into nine. So, though Rowland is on the 1790 Census (Tax List)
of Fayette County, before the year was out, Woodford County had been erected from
Fayette, and Rowland's land fell in the new county. His land was on the eastern side
of Woodford, not far from Lexington, Kentucky, on Greer's Creek.
In Octover of 1791 in Woodford County Court House, Rowland Hughes recorded his
Land Certificate, as other residents of the county were doing. After recording,
the certificates were returned to the land owners.
"A Certificate of Rowland Hughes, late from the
State of Pennsylvania (having taken the oath
Concerning the Importation of Slaves into the
Commonwealth of Kentucky) was produced, and
Ordered to be recorded. (Woodford Co. Ky, Order Book 2, page 42.)
A query to the Kentucky Historical Society produced the information that the
"Oath concerning the importation of slaves" was required of all settlers bringing
slaves into Kentucky. It was a sworn statement that their slaves were not brought into
the new territory for the purpose of sale. The certificate did not mention the number
of acres owned by Rowland Hughes.
On 11-Sep.1791, Rowland Hughes was appointed Surveyor of that part of the road
leading from Steele's Farm toward Lexington, to begin where the path from John Jack's to
Evans' crosses the said road, thence to the west corner of Thomas Marshall, Jr.'s
plantation: and that William Steele and Benjamin Berry, Gent. allot the hands to
assist his in keeping the same in repair (Woodford Co. Ky, Order Book, page 34.)
In June 1796, Rowland Hughes joined Josiah Wooldridge and Richard Young in
witnessing a sale of land to John Arnold from John Tanner. (Ibid, page not
The first mention of Rowland Hughes on the Woodford County Deed Book was in
a deed dated 1-Jul.1790 (recorded 6-Jul.), (Woodford Co. Ky. Deed Book A, page 150)
"Rowland Hughes and Susanna, his wife, of Fayette
County Ky (later
Woodford) purchased 125 acres For 125 pounds from Henry Fields, land located
On Greer's Creek, County of Woodford, State of Virginia," (Ky. Not a state until 1792).
Rowland and Susannna sold this land to Benjamin Boston of Woodford County for
150 pounds on 1-May.1797 (Woodford Co., Ky. Deed Book C, page 148)
On 8-Mar.1798, Rowland Hughes joined Richard Young in buying from Samiel Hinch
of Hardin Co., Ky. 76 acres between Greer's and Glenn's Creeks for 152 pounds (Ibid,
page 175.) The two disposed of this land for the same price to John Jacks on 1-Jul.1805. (Ibid, page 502.)
Rowland also purchased 21/2 acres on Greer's Creek from Josiah and Patty
Wooldridge, but sold it back to them the same year, when the move from Woodford
to Logan County, Kentucky, was undertaken circa 16-Sep.1806 (Woodford Co. Ky.
Deed Book D, pages 41, 42, 53, 54)
Rowland disposed of his land granted him by certificate, and lying on Greer's
Creek, to Elisha Wooldridge for 1000 pounds on the date mentioned above, number
of acres not mentioned, Susanna relinquished her "Right of Dower," and the
deed was witnessed by Richard Young, Jacob Wooldridge, Isham Railey, and Alexander
Major. (Ibid. page 37)
The Hughes Family departed Woodford for Logan County, Ky. In the fall of 1806,
after residing nearly seventeen years, giving them a total of eleven children
in their family. As stated, Rowland was on the 1790 Tax List of Fayette County,
the 1800 Tax List of Woodford County, and is deceased in Logan County, Kentucky,
before the taking of the census in 1810. He died 19-Jan.1809 in Logan, and was
buried on his plantation, his tombstone having survived to the present day.
In Logan County, the Hughes' resided on Little Whipporwill Creek, Rowland, before
his death, having received Grants of 120 acres and 50 acres in this location
(Early Ky. Land Granes [South of the Green River]-Jillson-Page 338). In 1808,
he purchased an additional 1000 acres in the same location from Robert Rankin and
wife, Peggy, and Thomas B. Rankin. (Of record, Logan Co. Court, 1808) This total
of 1170 acres was divided between his widow and ten of his eleven children in 1809.
Prior to his death, a Court Order in Logen, dated May 1807, reveals Rowland's
application for permission of the Court to build a "water and grist mill." (Logan Co.,
Ky. Order Book for May 1807, page 83)
"On motion of Rowland Hughes to condem a Mill Seat on Little Whipporwill Creek, he owning the
Land on both sided, the Sheriff is ordered to
Attend to a Jury for same, and report 16th of
Court Order, Logan County, Ky. Aug.1807: (Logan Co., Ky. Order Book for Aug. 1807, page 95)
"Ordered that Rowland Hughes be allowed to buildhis water and grist Mill."
The Mill was built and appears as part of Rowland's Estate in 1809. With obviously,
much to live for, he died at the age of 53. Today, the Hughes Cemetery is on the Ray
Neeley (formerly the Offutt) Farm, near the Logan-Simpson County Line. It is described
by a native of the country as being "on Friendship Road, leading from the Franklin
Road to Auburn." Others of his family lie nearby, but his wife remarried, and, to
date, her grave has not been located.
At a Court held for Logan County at the Court House in Russellville, on Monday the
20th day of Feby.1809: On motion of James Holeman and John Hughes, Letters of
Administration is granted then on the Estate of Rowland Hughes, dec'd, upon their
entering into bond with Robert Rerbush their security, penalty of $6000, conditioned
according to law. (Logan Co. Ky. Order Book 4, page 236.)
On Monday 18th of Sept.1809: On motion of William Hughes, it is ordered that Robert
Furbush, John Kennedy, Urban Ewing, and Elisha Herndon be appointed Commissioners to
allot the legatees of Rowland Hughes, dec'd, their part of the said Estate, as they
arrive at the age of 21 years (Logan Co Ky. Order Book, 5, page 25.)
At the November Term of Court: Logan county, an Inventory of the Estate of Rowland
Hughes having been returned at the August Court, agreeable to the order of the
Court, Commissioners Urban Ewing, Robert Furbish, and Elisha Herndon allotted the
Rowland Hughes Estate as follows: (Logan Co. Ky Will Book B, page 134 (Nov.1809)
"To Susannah Hughes, widow of Rowland, the Widow's
Dower of 110 acres,
including the mansion house, as Per plat laid down; also 20 acres of timber;
also $1362.66, being her third part of the balance of the Estate."
The Will and 200 acres of land adjoining, and 200 acres of land to the North in the
name of Burgess Phelps, is agreed to be equal to 3 Lots, being Lots 8, 9, and 10.
The 10 Lots were bestowed as follows:
Lot No. 1 to Rowland Hughes
Lot No. 6 to John Arnold (husband of
Lot No. 2 to Corbly Hughes of Susanna Hughes)
Lot No. 3 to Patty (Martha) Hughes
Lot No. 7 to James Hughes
Lot No. 4 to Josiah Hughes
Lot No. 8 to James Holeman (husband
Lot No. 5 to Elizabeth Hughes of Mary Ann Hughes)
Lot No. 9 to William Hughes
Lot No. 10 to Samuel Hughes
It will be noted that the eldest son, John Hughes, is not named in this settlement,
and it is conjectured that he was given his share of the Estate at the time of his
marriage in 1805 in Woodford County.
Susannah, widow of Rowland Hughes, Sr. married secondly, Apohasus Wickware,
Sr. on 10-Mar.1812. Just before this marriage, Susanna, in a deed dated 29-Jan.1812
in Logan County, conveyed to her unmarried son, Samuel Hughes, her plantation with
all tools and personal property. He is to pay Susanna "money to bare (sic) her expenses,
give her a good negro boy to wait on her, and supply her with a good horse, saddle,
and bridle." The outcome of this marriage is left in doubt, for, in 1820, Susanna is
counted on the census with the Hughes' rather that the Wickwares.
Susanna died in September of 1824, with Samuel still in possession of her
share (less the cash she received) of the Rowland Hughes Estate. In 1827, Samuel
Hughes died intestate, opening the way for participation of all the Hughes sisters
and brothers, or their heirs, in the division of said Estate. While this gave the
Logan County Court no joy (commented on in the Court Minutes) it brought in the Heirs
of John Hughes, the eldest son, who had not shared in the division of his father,
Rowland's Estate, and thus cleared the line of this writer.Logan County Ky. Deed Bk. O
"This indenture made this 15th day of August 1827, between
James Holeman and Polly,
his wife: William Highes; Aplhaeus Wickware, Jr.; Corbly Hughes; Jos. Whitaker and Patsy,
his wife; Rowland Hughes (this one deceased as of this date, but the Commissioner evidently
unaware of it); Lewis S. Arnold, Wyatt B. Arnold, John Arnold, Younger H. Arnold,
Elizabeth H. Arnold, and Mary S. Arnold; Nancy Whitaker, Roland Hughes, Daniel Hughes,
Isaac Hughes, Polly Hughes, Betsy Hughes, Atelia Hughes, and John H. Hughes as
PARTIES OF THE FIRST PART: and Spencer Curd as PARTY OF THE SECOND PART, he being the
Commissioner appointed by the Logan County Court to make deeds of partition among the
heirs of Rowland Hughes, dec'd agreeable to the division in said Court.
The party of the second part (Spencer Curd) witnesseth that the parties of the first
part (Hughes Heirs) hath for no inconsideration of said decree, bargained, sold and
conveyed to the said party of the second part (Curd) two lots of ground contained in
said division, the first know by number, the second known as the timber division."
(There follows a description and bounding of the two lots of land: parties of first
part swear in legal language to guarantee Burd's title to same. Then all heirs mentioned
in the introduction, except Rowland Hughes, sign and seal the document.The signers are
grouped by this writen to makeFor easier identification.)
John Hughes Planter, Baptist Lived at Washington County, Pa. and Woodford and
Logan Cos., Ky. He was born 17-Jan.1784 in Washington County, Pa. Was married
16-Mar.1805 in Woodford Co., Ky,. And died 11-Dec.1824 in Logan Co., Ky. He is
buried in the Hughes Cemetery, Logan Co., Ky. He married Mary (Polly) Holman
(d/o Daniel and Anne (Nancy) Sanders Holman. She was born 17-Feb.1789 in Fayette
Co., Ky and died ca 30-Dec.843 in Logan Co., Ky. She was also Baptist. Their
children all born in Logan Co. except Nancy Susan, born in Woodford Co.
1. Nancy Susan b. Dec. 1805 d. after 1850 in Lincon Co. Pa. m. 21-Oct.1819 to Thomas
____? In Logan Co., Ky.
2. Rowland b. 18-Apr.1808 d. ca. 20-Oct.18__ Logan Col Ky m. 20-Jan.1825 to Mary Ann
Robinson in Logan Co., Ky.
3. John H. b. 7-Nov.1811 d. 1853 in Logan Co., Ky. m. 24-Jun.1850 to Elizabeth
Duvall in Logan Co., Ky.
4. Daniel Hunter b. 16-Aug.1813 b. 13-Aug.1874 in Nacordosnes Co., Tx m. 23-Oct.1834 to
Elizabeth Ann (Nancy) King in Bedord Co., Tenn.
5. Isaac Holman b. 1815 d. ca. 30-Aug.1867
Logan Co., Ky.m. to Sarah D. in Tenn.
6. Polly O. b. 1817 d. 1839 in Logan Co., Ky. m. 20-Dec.1833 to Henry Robinson in Logan Co., Ky.
7. Martha Elizabeth b. 1820 d. after 1870 in Logan Co., Ky., 21-Nov.1838 to Wm. S.
___ Jr. in Logan Co. Ky. 8. Atelia b. 1824 d. after 1860 in Logan Co., Ky.
m. 20-Apr.1842 to Henry Robins in Logan Co., Ky.
SIGNERS OF THE DEED OF SALE BETWEEN HUGHES HEURS AND SPENCE CURD:
1. James Holsman, joined by his wife, Mary Ann (Hughes) Holeman.
2. Children of John Hughes, deceased: Nancy hughes Whitaker, Roland, Daniel, Isaac, Polly,
Betsy, Atelia, and John H. Hughes.
3. William Hughes (for himself)4. Children of Susanna (Hughes) Arnold, dec'd: Lewis S.,
Wm. H., John, Younger H., Wyatt B., Elisabeth H., and Mary S. Arnold.
5. Jos. Whitaker joined by his wife, Martha (Hughes) Wickware, dec'd.
6. Alphaeus Wickware, Jr. only child of Elozabeth (Hughes) Wickware, dec'd.
7. James W. Hughes by a letter written to Spencer Curd from La Fayette Co. Mo.
where he resided.
"A letter to Spencer Curd, Commissioner, from James Hughes was exhibited in
open Court, and acknowledged By said Commissioner, approved by the Court, and
ordered to be recorded."
8. Corbly Hughes (for himself) In a separate deed following this, the death
of Roland Hughes, Jr., was noted, and his four children (all Minor) were named:
9. Children of Rowland Hughes, dec'd: David, Mary Susan, and Martha Elizabeth
Hughes. It will be remembered that Samuel and Josiah Hughes were, in
1827, deceased, without issue. This accounts for all eleven children (or
their heirs) of Rowland Hughes and Susanna, his wife, in the year of 1827.
ISSUE OF ROWLAND AND SUSANNA (GRIFFEE) HUGHESA. Mary Ann Hughes (called Polly
and Annie) Hughes was born----1782 in Washington County, Penn. She married in
Woodford Co. Ky. On 10-Feb.1801, James Hol(e)man, brother to Mary (Polly)
Hol(e)man, who married John Hughes. The Holemans moved to Lincoln Co.
Tenn. about 1811, thence to Ray Co.
Mo. before 1827. For further details, check under DANIEL HOLMAN.B. John
Hughes was born 17-Jan.1784 in Washington Co. Penn. He married in Woodford Co.
Ky. On 18-March 1805, Mary (Polly) Holeman, sister to James Holeman, who
married Mary Ann Hughes. For details on this family, check under John Hughes.
C. William Hughes was born circa 1786 in Washington Co. Penn. He was "of age"
when his father died in 1809. In 1820, he was still in the family home
and single. In 1827, he participated in the sale of land belonging to
his mother, but conveyed to his brother, Samuel. He is not in the 1830 census
of Logan, and is believed to have left the county, and possibly the state.
D. Samuel Hughes was born circa 1788 in Washington Co. Penn. He died in Logan
Co. Ky in 1827, intestate. Never married. After his mother remarried in 1812,
he ran the plantation, and took care of his four younger brothers until
they came of age, or married.
E. Susanna Hughes was born circa 1790 in Woodford Co. Ky. She married there, 6
Oct. 1806, John Arnold, son of John and Elizabeth (Hitt) Arnold. John's grandparents
were Nicholas and Margaret (__) Arnold and Peter and Sarah (__) Hitt, the former
were of Culpeper Co. Va.; the latter of Fauquier Co. Va. John Arnold, husband
of Susanna Hughes, died prior to 1824 in Logan Co. Ky. For, as of the date, John
Hughes, brother of Susanna, was Administrator of his Estate. In 1827, it is
believed that Susanna also was deceased, since the Arnold children participated
as heirs in the settlement of their Grandmother's land. The children were:
Lewis S., Wm. H., John, Younger H., Wyatt B., Elizabeth H., and Mary S. Arnold.
Line not followed.
F. Martha (called Patty and Patsy) Hughes was born circa 1793 in Woodford Co.
Ky. She was still single at the time of her father's death in 1809, but married in
1811. Her marriage record was not located in Logan Co. and it is believed that she
went with her sister, Mary Ann (Hughes) Holman and family to Lincoln Co. Tenn,
when they moved in 1811, and married there. Her husband was Jos. Whitaker, and The
family shows on the 1830 census of Lincoln Co. Tenn, at which time Joseph was age
40-50 and Martha 30-40. They have seven boys and three girls as of that date.
Line not followed further.
G. Roland Hughes (Jr.) was born 5 Dec. 1795 in Woodford Co. Ky. As a lad of
eleven, he moved with His family to Logan Co. Ky. In 1812, in that county,
the following Court Order is of record:
"Ordered that the Clerk of the Court bind out Rowland Hughes, infant orphan of
Rowland Hughes, dec'd to James Brussee, to the taught the art and mystery of the
Blacksmith and Cutlery trade, Roland being Sixteen years the 5th of December last.
(Logan Co. Ky. Order Book 3, page 223.) The indentures ofRowland Hughes were approved
by the Court, and ordered to be recorded. (17-Aug.1812).
End of article.
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