Peter Livengood was the pioneer ancestor of all the Livengoods in present Somerset County. He was an Amish preacher, (later Peter became a Dunkard), a weaver, and a teacher, along with operating a farm.
Born in 1730, he was a single freeman in New Jersey for approximately two years, then returned to Europe. Later he returned to America and settled in Berks County, Pennsylvania where he met and married Barbra Nafziger.
Peter and Barbra, with 23 other Amish families, migrated across the state, probably via the Turkeyfoot Trail, to the Stoneycreek area in what is Somerset County, Pa. Tradition states that Peter was the first man to cross the Allegheny Mountains in a Conestoga wagon.
An item in the History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties, page 553 states that Peter Livengood came to Elk Lick Township in 1760.
Peter Settles Near Salisbury
In 1775, the Livengoods settled on a farm located between West Salisbury and St. Paul, now owned by Bradley Keim.
In Welfley's history he relates this incident:
There is a story that Peter Livengood, who located near Salisbury, came in with his family. They meant to stop with the Saylors, but were overtaken by night without finding them, and so were forced to camp in the woods. It so happened that they were quite near the Saylors at the time, without being aware of it. After they built a fire, the Saylors noticed the light, made some investigation and found them. If the story has anything on which to rest, then it would look as though they were here at least as early as 1772 because shortly after coming in there was a happening in the family of Peter Livengood that would fix this as the date.:
Jacob and John Saylor evidently had migrated to Somerset County earlier that 1772 since they were settled and had a dwelling of some kind by that date.